Georg Simmel, being one of the earliest social thinkers of his day, founded the idea that there would be consequences of the shift from village life to modern life. Simmel believed that our surroundings influence us as individuals (transformed individual consciousness) and how we learned to interact with one another. “Everyday existence within a city altered the way people thought and acted compared to traditional society.” Simmel introduced us to two concerns, primary relationships, modernity, which focuses on being immersed in social relations based on kinship and community relationships which focused on economy profit and loss.
Simmel thought that with this alternative, the city would introduce individuals to develop some characteristics, such as a “blasé” attitude. Once someone is submerge into a city and way of life, we can no longer acknowledge the loud noise of the city itself. Work itself would employ a person but would tie an individual to the mind set of “time is money” and little time for any social connections. Simmel believed that “all life in the city followed the schedule of capitalist industrialization or modernity” but there did exist an up-side; the greatest up-side is the ability to be free, in certain contexts. “An individual could have the freedom to purse and create their own individuality”, creating hobbies, different group of friends, clothes, and ultimately having the leisure of pleasing oneself beyond others beliefs.
Similarly to Georg Simmel, Emile Durkheim believed that, has long as an individual relying on others whom lived in the same community to propose together. Durkheim believed that these social differences defined the modern city as an means of improvement for the economy as well as oneself in the social ladder, the Mechanical solidarity. Futhermore Gerog Simmel, believed that “urban way of life” lead to individuality but yet could hinger the “developement of an emotionally meaningful life. Much like individual in New York City, that have seen that before and nothing seem to be surprising not even a Naked Cowboy. People become indifferent to one another while finding oneself.