The video about the London Riots refers to Robert Merton’s theory of modes of adaptation to anomie. The modes of adaptation to anomie that I’ve noticed in the video are Retreatism, Innovation, and Rebellion. Retreatism is rejecting goals and means, withdraw emotionally, socially. Innovation is to strive toward culturally prescribed goals, but by illegitimate means. Rebellion refers to the role behavior of political deviants, who attempt to transform the existing structure of society. Retreatism occurred in the riot because the motive escalated from the death of one man to the protest of anger citizens against police to the argument of tuition costs. However, the riot did occur among younger age groups, but it also had different age groups as well who gathered together as one to rebel against the police. According to one of person involved in the riot, he stated a chance like this might never come and it was an opportunity to get revenge not the police but the government because they make it hard for them to get jobs, cut their benefits, and raise tuition. Therefore, a way they were hurting the government financially was by burning building. A young man says, “They felt like we felt, they felt threated by us, it was the best three days of my life”. The purpose of the riot was a way for the citizens of London voices to be heard by the government instead of constantly being ignored and pushed aside.
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- Nicole Hala