Blog 5: Fanon

 

Frantz_Fanon

 

 

 

Franz Fanon was born in Martinique, France and published two books   Black Skin, White Masks and The Wretched of the Earth which became two post-colonial literature classics.  He used Marxist’s theory, psychology, critical race theory, and global political economy in order to give an account of the colonized subject, the problem of nationalism, and the path to liberation.  The post colonial theory is a set of theories in social science and literature that address the legacy of colonial rule and the struggle for political and cultural independence of peoples formerly subjugated in colonial empires.  In the Wretched of the Earth, Fanon defines and explains colonialism and decolonization from a political, philosophical, historical, and socio-cultural perspective.  His book served as a handbook for political leaders faced with decolonization.  Fanon says that “decolonization is not simply the removal of colonial structures, but especially, the deconstruction of colonial legacies in the mindset of formerly colonized peoples.”  He argued that colonialism was a source of violence rather than reacting violently against resistors which had been the common view.

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