Karl Marx looked at the point of view of the “working class” people. His theory of exploitation was true. Many workers were working many hours and putting in a lot of time than what was given in return. They had no voice in this type of exchange relationship. Even in society now, there are many workers who are producing and making products that are worth a lot of money when they are sold, and the wages they are getting are nothing compared to the product there making. Along with all the hard work the workers are putting in. A worker making a Chanel purse or a Valentino sweater is not getting paid at all close enough to the value of the product they are making. The products they are making are sold for thousands. Those who make things don’t always get the money, and those who get the money don’t always make things. Without the people working hard and making the products, no money will ever be made. In the working world, the owners will always be part of the “ruling class” even without putting in half the effort that their workers do. It can be a win/lose situation. It’s in favor of the “ruling class”.
Max Weber’s examples of “idea types” of social actions were seen a lot throughout the movie “House of Sand and Fog”. An example of “traditional” was the opening scene when they were at the wedding. Getting married and having babies is tradition in many families. There were also many “affective” social actions examples. Both Lester and the Benrani’s wife went on emotions. When Lester cheated on his wife and when the Behrani’s wife helped Kathy when she got hurt. Even towards the end of the movie when she knew the entire story, she still was very welcoming of Kathy and wanted to help her. An example of “instrumental rational” is when the man bought the home so that he could sell it and make money. By selling the house he would make a profit. Examples of “value rational” actions was when Lester helped out Kathy, even though he didn’t have to. He gave her the number for the legal aid, he continued to check up on her, and when he believed he had to get her house back. Lester did all of this because he believed it was the right thing to do. Behrani believed that the right thing to do was to remain in the house since he believed that he purchased it fairly, but Kathy believed she should have the house back because she believed in the value of the home because it meant something to her.
After I listened to “Land Of The Free, Home Of The Poor “, it made me realize even more how unequal our society is. I found it interesting when the man that was being interviewed said he knew that the “equal part” of the pie chart couldn’t exist, and that it was made up. I also found the part about Denise Barrant, the college student, to be very interesting. She had a degree from Lehigh University , took Master’s level courses and she even had a paralegal certificate, and yet found herself looking for a food pantry. She basically went from high to low in a short amount of time. She went from having a job at a health insurance company making $80,000 a year along with a second job which was part time, to now being unemployed and going into poverty. She said that even the organizations such as the food pantries are having a difficult time, due to the economy. I thought her story was very interesting, especially when she said the people at the food pantry would tell her you don’t look like you belong here since you’re a college graduate. I also think a lot of people could relate to Christi Pierre-Louis when she stated The American dream might just be for the wealthy. “I pay my taxes, just like everyone else. I work here. I go to school. And I’m doing my best, but, still, my best is just not good enough”. It’s sad to see how much of an effect this has had on our society. In “Wealth Inequality In America” he said “reality and our perception is different” I think this is a very true statement. Sometimes we tend to overlook an issue because we don’t want to know the real reality, and even our perception can sometimes be cloudy. He pointed out that what people in America think our wealth distribution looks like is so different than what it actually is. He said that the poorest people are even “poorer than poor”, because they don’t even register since their basically down to pocket change. The part that really stood out to me was when he compared the average worker to the CEO. He said that the average worker needs to work more than a month to earn more than what the CEO makes in an hour, and who works harder? Obviously the average worker does, because he doesn’t get the luxuries and benefits a CEO of a company gets. I thought that both videos made very good points and gave good examples of the reality of our society today.
Karl Marx believed in Capitalism. He looked at the point of view of “the working person”. He made a good point when he said “they don’t own the factory, they have to work for the man that owns the factory”. He stated the “4 Aspects Of Alienation” which are , a person becomes alienated from the labor product, it’s not your own product, the labor process because you feel separated and not in the groove at work, from themselves because you feel like a robot not a human being, and from other people because of the competitive environment , someone else can do your job. There are many people who work because they have to, and not because they want to. Nowadays anyone can replace a person at work, because no one really stands out anymore. In our society an Associate’s degree is the new high school degree. Almost everyone you meet has an Associate’s, and many people have a Bachelor’s and Master’s. So especially in today’s society, it is very easy to get replaced at work.
Emile Durkheim had his own definition when it came to religion. His definition of religion was that “religion is an expression of the creation of society”. He believed that “religion was a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say things set apart and forbidden-beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a church, all those who adhere to them”. Durkheim was interested in what was common in religion in all different cultures in different times. Every religion has a sacred symbol, and rituals. Even though there are so many different types of religions, they all have certain things in common. Every religion has a sacred symbol like a bible that the community follows or a “religious passage”. Every religion has symbols that represent something to them, and every religion has their own rituals that people in the community engage in. I found this interesting because it made me think about how some religions are so different but how they still have many things in common.