Gilman was a pioneer in the field of speaking on gender inequalities especially for those of women. Considered a humanist, Gilman brought about the argument that the role of women in society was archaic and dated. No longer in a prehistoric setting, Gilman argued that gender changes were necessary for women to become autonomous.
In the video we saw in class about women’s roles in society, I found it ironic that women are completely divided when it comes to what kind of agenda they wish to push. For instance, some feminists push for independent work and equal treatment of men, but in the video, we clearly see that the goal of some working women are to live a lavish life in which they don’t have to work. This paradox of wanting autonomy but at the same time yielding it creates an issue with gender inequality because of its split agendas.
I feel in order to complete their individual agendas, there should be two parties of feminists that fight for different reasons. If one party represented the upper class feminists and one party represented new wave feminists, both parties could benefit from a united in their efforts to fight for their agendas.
In the move House of Sand and Fog, Former General Behrani played a two faced coin in society.
According to Weber’s sociological context of class, class is determined but society and culturally observed factors that an individual presents to society. Mr. Behrani was of a high class because of his prestigious role as a former general, but in the movie it shows that class is temporary and varies from society to society.
For instance in a place like America where military positions hold no significant context compared to Iran, General Behrani is forced to accept his status change and accept work where he can find it. While holding a low status in general society however, when General Behrani meets with his daughter’s husband his status is once again elevated because of a cultured circle that accepts Behrani’s status from Iran.
Weber would not acknowledge General Behrani’s class to be high in American society, but according I believe that General Behrani’s status fluctuates depending on who he interacts with. His status changes based on how people perceive of him depending on if they’re familiar with Iranian history or if they’re American citizens.
When Merton speaks about deviance, he mentions an intersect between culture, structure and anomie. In short, culture is all that is accepted to the group as norms, structure is how the people in such a group interact with one another and anomie is when deviance from the norm occurs. Anomie disregards the norms of structure and culture and forms a new set of rules that do not abide by what the normal structures operate.
What strikes me as particularly interesting about this topic is how Merton expanded on Durkheim’s term of anomie. Merton’s anomie is primarily caused by people who do not have the means of achieving what they wish to achieve legitimately. This leads to the debate of desire and deviance because if people desire something and cannot achieve it through the means within the bounded restrictions of culture and structure, they will seek illegitimate ways to satiate their desire.
Merton goes on to say that the American dream is a goal that many individuals seek in different ways. The process of the American dream in which one achieves financial freedom can be done one of two ways according to Merton. If one were to pursue it in a legitimate way, education then a stable middle class job may secure it for someone who has an advantaged start. Individuals who do not have these means may resort to illegal activities, which while stigmatized by the general population, is potentially profitable and reaches the end all in itself.
This brings the question up of how far an individual is wiling to go and which path they take. In the end is it really worth it?
Goffman’s view on stigma in which it is a negative action, attribute or reputation pertains to how the majority of people in capitalistic society operate today.
When people first meet each other today, stereotypes and any visual aid predetermines how people perceive an individual. For instance, a person dressed in rags and isn’t hygienic is likely to be judged as a homeless person. While these portrayals are due to a lack of first hand information, these stereotypes or stigmas placed against other people sometimes may help people in day to day interactions. Many times however, stigmas are wrongfully given and are a cause of society’s ignorance to different cultures and norms. Such stigmas include the term terrorist associated with middle eastern ethnics due to the events on 9/11.
Simmel presents the point that Fashion is used by the elite to distinguish themselves from the proletarians. From my interpretation and the discussion in class, I believe this to be true to a certain extent. People in olden times did … Continue reading