Globalization has changed the lives of women from rich and poor countries. Because many women from wealthier countries are entering more male dominated careers, which means spending more time at work rather than the home, women from poor countries are migrating to take on those jobs in the home such as maids and nannies. Because of this women often leave their families back home, but this is encouraged by their country because they are more like to send at least half to almost all of their earnings back to their country
This is something I can relate to because this is how my mother and her family immigrated to America. In the 1980’s my mother came to America as a nanny for a family in Long Island. She worked hard and supported her parents and brother back home. When she became a citizen, she was able to find a better, stable job, and become a career woman in the field of property management. Because of this, she brought her cousin and sister-in-law from the Philippines to America to help raise my sister and I and care for the house. They too were able to become citizens and find jobs in the health care fields. They all have families back home that 75% of their annual income is sent back home to help support them. Even though their family members have stable jobs in the Philippines and all their wages combined, my mother and my aunts are still their breadwinners.
Durkheim talks about religion being the the cause of the idea of society. Everything about society has stemmed from what is known about religion. Religion has rituals, a central place of worship, those who teach and those who learn, and symbols. Durkheim defines religion as “a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things… beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a church, all those who adhere to them.
To understand fully the relationship between religion and society, I compared religion to something in everyday society. Taking school as an example, Durkheim would definitely agree that it has its ideologies in religion. The first example is ritual, which is defined as “a formalized mode of behavior in which the member of a community regularly engage”. In schools, the rituals are going to class, taking notes, doing homework, studying for test, and taking exams. No matter which school you go to, this is the general ritual and schools do not deviate from it no matter the location, level of schooling, or even type of schooling. The church helps facilitates the rituals that its members part take in, so in comparison the school campus and classrooms help facilitate it’s rituals. Then there are symbols, which Durkheim defines as “a thing that represents or stands for something else”. In religion, the holy text and heaven are sacred, and the way to get to heaven is to follow the holy text. In schools, grades and degrees (diplomas) are sacred. One must get good grades to reach their degree.
With a simple comparison between religion and schools, we can see what Durkheim is talking about and relate it to modern day society.
Fashion is a timeless industry that has been shaping the minds of many since the beginning of time. With the help of social media, fashion tells us how our bodies should be shaped, the clothes we need to wear, even what our physical features should be to be considered “perfect”. No one can attain this status naturally, so people are always being judged and judge others constantly. Many people have turned to cosmetic surgery all around the world to change the way you look, especially in asian countries.
One country in particular that I have first hand witnessed fashion and the stigma that comes from it is in the Philippines. Many people believe that the whiter you are the prettier you are. Thus many people spend money on cosmetics that will help lighten your skin, or they try their hardest to stay out of the sun and in the shade. The stigma with this is that those who are paler have more money and wealth because they do not have to be outside in the sun for work. While the darkest of people are looked down upon and characterized as poor because they spend their whole day outside in the sun, which means they are doing hard labor. Also in all Filipino shows the actors and actress are all white. When I had to go on a television show in the Philippines the makeup artist used her makeup to make me 3 shades lighter than I really am. When I complained about it, she said I look better this way and the audience will find me prettier.
Its very interesting to see two sides of a spectrum when it comes to complexion and what people find beautiful. Here in America we are always trying to get tan, while in other parts of the world they are trying to be pale.
Karl Marx talks about the division of labor causes separation of society. He states that different division of labor are different forms of ownership. He goes on to talk about three forms of ownership; tribal, ancient, and feudal. Tribal ownership refers to the time when people hunted and harvested food. He considers this the beginning of the division of labor. The social structure of this time is within the family. At the top are patriarchal family chieftains, then the members of the tribe, and lastly the slaves. The next form of ownership is the ancient communal ownership. This is happened when several tribes come together either by conquest or agreement. In this ownership, citizens how power over their slaves only in their community. Because of this the division between citizens and slaves have fully formed. The last form of ownership that Marx talks about is Feudal. Feudal property can spread across a whole country., and the hierarchical structure is fully developed.
Marx then talks about how individuals enter in to social and political reasons because they have to not because they want to. It is very similar to today’s society, where people must work jobs that they are not in love with or enjoy because they need to be able to provide for themselves an their families. My people no matter the age still have their dream job or fantasy they would much rather fulfill but cant because of what society has developed into.